The navy bean, haricot, pearl haricot bean, Boston bean, white pea bean, or pea bean is a variety of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) native to the Americas, where it was first domesticated. It is a dry white bean that is smaller than many other types of white beans, and has an oval, slightly flattened shape. It features in such dishes as baked beans, various soups such as Senate bean soup, and even pies.
The green bean plants that produce navy beans may be either of the bush type or vining type, depending on which cultivar they are.
Other white beans include cannellini, “Great Northern”, the lima beans known as “butter beans”, and the runner bean.